Today, LoRaWAN (Long-Range Wide Area Network) is being used in an increasing number of Internet of Things projects. Although setting up LoRaWAN networks is fairly simple, it is getting more crucial to select the appropriate components during the design phase in order to ensure resource efficiency and make sure your product is compatible with all of your target markets.
Types of LoRaWAN Devices
The end nodes and LoRaWAN gateways are the two main categories of hardware that LoRaWAN needs in order to function, as shown by thearchitecturegraph above. One thing to be mindful of when incorporating these devices or components into a product design is their unique operating frequencies. LoRaWAN uses different operating frequencies in different regions, so the devices used must also have a unique set of features for each region in order to communicate while adhering to local laws in that region. Below is a list of common IoT LoRaWAN devices in each category:
The network of the LoRaWAN IoT architecture s star topology is supported by a LoRaWAN gateway. It collects data from LoRaWAN devices and sends it to the network server for the LoRaWAN standard. Without an IoT LoRaWAN gateway, a LoRaWAN network is not possible.
Wireless network coverage may bereadily and economically scaled upwith the By installing numerous LoRaWAN gateways, LoRaWAN network topology is achieved. The data from the end nodes can still be received by other gateways even if one of them fails to do so. This will decrease maintenance expenses while increasing network dependability.
DusunIoT manufacturesindustrial-levelIoTLoRaWAN gatewaysfor both indoor and outdoor use. To transmit data to the cloud, it has a LoRa concentrator that receives RF signals from LoRaWAN devices and transforms them into signals that can be sent over a Wi-Fi or other LoRaWAN network server. The following LoRa frequency bands are supported by Dusun LoRaWAN gateways and can be used without charge: CN470, RU864, IN865, EU868, US915, AU915, KR920, and AS923.
LoRa (Long Range)Module is a wireless communication module developed base on Semtech chips. It allows your IoT devices to communicate with LoRaWAN network.
Here are the types of LoRa modules that you can choose from:
- The basic transceiver LoRa module: The original LoRa module was in this form. A Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) interface to the transceiver can be used to access its register. All the necessary commands are available on the host controller to configure the transceiver.
- The full-blown LoRa module: This type of LoRa module is more sophisticated because it has a host controller. It can be used for applications involving a single controller. Accessing them typically involves using a UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter) interface.
- Modem: This is a different kind of LoRa module. Already installed on it is a LoRaWAN stack. To gain access via a serial UART (Universal Asynchronous Receiver-Transmitter) interface, you can use an AT-type command.
The principal owner of the LoRa intellectual property is Semtech. Other top LoRa module manufacturers include:
- Netvox Technology
- Yokogawa Electric Corporation
The proper LoRa module must be chosen for your LoRaWAN gateway and end devices. Dusun LoRaWAN gateway adoptsSemtech SX1302 LoRa module, giving you the best LoRaWAN performance.
LoRaWAN End Devices
A LoRaWAN End Device in a LoRaWAN network is a device built for use in the LoRaWAN system. Because battery life is valued above all else, it frequently has low processing and memory capacity and goes into a low-power sleep mode when not in use. For instance, LoRaWAN End Devices can be sensors, trackers, or thermometers. The LoRaWAN Gateway is required for them to communicate with other devices on the network.
Businesses must educate themselves on IoT sensors before they can comprehend the concept of LoRaWAN sensors. IoT sensors are wireless devices that collect sensory data from their surroundings and identify unusual changes in environmental factors like temperature, movement, air quality, and lighting. These monitoring tools are made to communicate with servers, gateways, and hubs through nodes that are arranged to support each user s specific network objectives. LoRaWAN sensors are IoT devices created to function on LoRaWAN networks. Due to their capacity for data transmission over long distances, these networks are especially beneficial for wireless sensors. Additionally, they offer links with high performance margins that can receive signals below the RF noise floor. Both of these capabilities make network connections for IoT sensors more feasible, especially in remote locations without public access.
- LoRaWAN Radio Modem for APATOR Water Meter: The LoRaWAN Radio Modem for APATOR Water Meter is a Water Meter Cover specifically designed for some APATOR (and Telplovodomer) water meters. The water meter offers the possibility of collecting water consumption at regular intervals (configurable) and transmitting them through a LoRaWAN network, public or private.
- LoRaWAN trackers: LoRaWAN trackers are GPS-powered sensors that transmit data on the geolocation of assets. They help manage high-value equipment and improve the security of asset transportation. These trackers are suitable in fields such as construction, logistics, asset tracking and container tracking.
- LoRaWAN Transmitters: LoRaWAN transmitters are IOT devices intended to interface machines, meters or any equipment in general, via dedicated interfaces and protocols.
- LoRaWAN Thermologger: Temperature recorder allowing the precise measurement of 2 temperatures (ambient and via a temperature probe), internal storage and LoRaWAN transmission.
Things to Consider Before Purchasing a Lora Gateway:
There are a few things you should take into account before buying a LoRa IoT gateway. Here are a few factors to keep in mind:
- Coverage area Look into the gateway s coverage area. Make sure it will cover the area where you intend to use it.
- Frequency LoRa gateways run on a specific frequency. Make sure the gateway you re thinking about can handle the frequency you require.
- Protocol A specific protocol is utilized by LoRa gateways. Make sure the gateway you re thinking about is compatible with the protocol you require.
- Power A specific power source is needed for LoRa gateways. Make sure the gateway you re thinking about works with the power source.
- Range The antenna is typically equated with the range. This is essentially accurate; the less gain an antenna has, the farther away from the gateway an implicit knot can be and still have a respectable event. Other factors also have an effect on this.
- Backhaul Connectivity Regarding connection types, there are 3 primary methods for transferring data from the gateway to the pall. Ethernet, Wi-Fi, and cellular services are also available. There are gateways from various brands that can use any one of the forenames or a combination of any two or three. Wi-Fi is a feature that all RAK wireless gateways have; the distinction is between those that also have Ethernet and/or cellular.
- Operating Temperature Range Because of their commercial enclosures, as one might expect, the outdoor gateways can endure lower temperatures while the inner gateways have fewer capabilities.
- Weather Resistance In addition to being more resistant to extreme temperatures, outdoor gateways also offer better doorway protection.
The DusunIoT LoRaWAN Gateway series has 3 different types of version: Indoor Outdoor LoRaWAN Gateway, indoor LoRaWAN gateway, andoutdoor LoRaWAN GatewayLite. Picking the Right LoRaWAN Hardware for Your IoT Solutions.